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From a sponge in the Antarctic we get a coumpound that kills 98% of them? Yep! How? Excerpt: "Researchers have discovered a compound in an Antarctic sea sponge that's capable of killing 98 percent of the drug-resistant superbug, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus - better known as MRSA - which is rapidly spreading throughout the US. With more and more bacteria species becoming resistant to the antibiotics we have available, scientists are desperately looking for new ways to protect against infection, and early research suggests that the Antarctic sponge could be an option. Staphylococcus aureus - or staph - infections are pretty common, particularly in hospital settings, and under normal circumstances they're not particularly hard to treat. But MRSA is a strain that's developed resistance to most of the antibiotics we have available, which means it can quickly spread from a superficial infection, such as a skin infection, to an invasive one, which can be life-threatening. According to the Centres for Disease Control (CDC), around 80,000 MRSA infections are diagnosed in the US each year, and 11,000 people die from MRSA complications - and right now, we really don't have many options to fight them. Which is why the discovery of this new compound, which has been named 'darwinolide', is so exciting. Researchers found it inside an Antarctic sponge, Dendrilla membranosa, and initial lab tests have shown that it's able to kill 98.4 percent of MRSA cells. "It's a defensive compound against microbes with some very interesting properties," said one of the researchers, James McClintock, from the University of Alabama at Birmingham. It's still very early days, but this isn't the first time that medically interesting compounds have been founding lurking in the ocean organisms in Antarctica - McClintock and his team have already identified a compound in algae that fights the H1N1 strain of the flu virus, and another that acts against melanoma skin cancer. The appeal for biologists is that the region is so extreme that life has been forced to come up with some unique ways to survive - including some potent defence mechanisms, such as toxic compounds." The whole article, which has many related links and much more information, including pics of the sponge, can be found here: http://www.sciencealert.com/scientists-just-found-a-compound-that-kills-98-of-drug-resistant-bacteria